Contrary to its name, the bamboo palm has nothing to do with the bamboo plant, but is a type of palm from the Trumpet family. Bamboo palm is a tropical plant native to Mexico and Central America. This plant grows in the forest floor and under the forest canopy. To keep as an apartment plant, the bamboo palm is an ideal option and its name is on the list of air purifying plants.
Maintenance of bamboo palm
Bamboo palm is one of the popular indoor plants because it needs little care and grows well in different lighting conditions. Bamboo palm needs constant moisture and if you prefer plants that need little watering, it is better not to choose this plant.
Dim or medium light places are suitable for keeping bamboo palm. Unlike other palms, the bamboo palm does not need a lot of light to grow. Of course, this plant can adapt to different light conditions and grow well. The bamboo palm can even tolerate being placed next to north-facing windows. The bamboo palm should not be exposed to strong sunlight because this strong and very hot light can burn the thinner leaves of the plant.
Moist soil with good drainage is the best option for keeping bamboo palm. Soil that has lots of pores but is rich in plant matter can be ideal. By adding peat moss, special orchid soil and perlite to the soil of the pot, you can prepare a very suitable composition for maintaining the bamboo palm.
To maintain the bamboo palm, you must always keep the soil moist. Of course, you should irrigate in such a way that the soil always has a uniform moisture and the water never covers all of the soil. Although the bamboo palm is sensitive to both dehydration and overwatering, it can tolerate more dehydration. Therefore, when the soil surface is a little dry, do the next time of watering.
Temperature and humidity
Bamboo palm likes warm and humid environments. This tropical palm is not resistant to cold and cannot withstand temperatures below minus one degree. Usually, in closed spaces, the temperature and humidity are such that the bamboo palm can grow well, but this plant prefers a little more humidity. To increase humidity around the plant, you can install a humidifier near the plant or place the plant pot on a gravel tray.
In order for the bamboo palm to grow better, you must feed the plant during the growing season, and granular and slow-release fertilizers are the best options for feeding the bamboo palm. First, scatter this type of fertilizer on the surface of the soil and then water the pot. Stop fertilizing in fall and winter when the plant is dormant.
Bamboo palms rarely need pruning. Removing dry leaves and leaves that have turned brown all over or at the tip will make the plant look healthier and more attractive.
Change the pot
Change the bamboo palm pot only when the current pot no longer has enough space for the plant to grow. Bamboo palm grows slowly, so you don’t need to change its pot many times. Note that the bamboo palm grows as large as the pot in which it is planted. So if you want to have a small palm tree, don’t choose a much larger pot to replace the pot. With this method, you can control the growth of the bamboo palm.
Usually, every two to three years is a good time to change the bamboo palm pot. Make sure that the new pot has good drainage and try to choose clay pots. One of the most important advantages of clay pots is that excess moisture does not stay inside and the plant’s roots are not at risk of rotting.
Propagation of bamboo palm
Bamboo palm is sensitive to the damage caused by cutting cuttings, and for this reason, it is very difficult to propagate this plant by cuttings. As the bamboo palm matures, it will grow trunks that you can use to propagate the plant.
Use a sharp, clean knife to separate the stems from the mother plant. Usually, most of these trunk boils are rooted. You should choose a rooted stem, and when removing the stem, make sure to remove the root along with it. Plant the stems in a pot and use loamy soil with proper drainage to fill the pot. You should place the pots in a moist environment until you see signs of new plant growth. It takes two to three months for the plant to adapt to the new conditions and start growing.
Bamboo palm is one of the most adaptable types of houseplants and it is very easy to maintain. But some problems of houseplants may happen to this plant and ruin it.
If the leaves of the bamboo palm are turning brown, it may be a sign of sunburn. This problem occurs mostly when you have moved the pot to the side of a brighter window. If this is not a problem, it is probably a common symptom of leaf senescence, which is completely normal. If the old leaves are turning brown, prune them off the plant.
Bamboo palm is exposed to many common pests of houseplants. Weevils, mealybugs, whiteflies, aphids and black-winged fungus gnats are among the pests that bamboo palm is attacked by. If necessary, you can use insecticides to deal with these pests. You should check different parts of your plant regularly to notice the presence of pests in time.
If you see signs of insects on the plant, wash the leaves with water immediately. Next, combine equal amounts of water and alcohol. Apply this solution on the leaves with a soft cloth.
Bamboo palm and air purification
We all know that plants have the ability to produce oxygen. According to some NASA research, some plants are more capable of cleaning the air and can absorb some harmful substances in the air. Bamboo palm is one of these plants and can absorb harmful substances such as formaldehyde, benzene, chloroform and carbon monoxide from the air. Of course, be careful that the absorption power of these plants is not so high that you can count on them as an air purifier.
Types of bamboo palms
Parlor palm, also known as Shamadravai Elegance, is one of the most popular types of bamboo palm. This plant grows well in closed environments and needs low light.
The dwarf bamboo palm or Shamadora radicalis is smaller than the bamboo palm, but this model of the bamboo palm is more resistant to colder weather. For this reason, it can survive in more diverse environments.
Resistant bamboo palm or Chamadura microspadix is one of the most resistant types of bamboo palm and can withstand temperatures below zero degrees. This plant grows well in the shade and is suitable for areas with very little light.
Questions and answers about bamboo palm
How fast does a bamboo palm grow?
Bamboo palm does not grow exponentially and grows a few centimeters per year. But if you plant it outdoors, it grows faster.
How long does a bamboo palm live?
Many types of bamboo palms live up to 100 years in the open air and in the natural environment. If this plant is kept as an apartment plant, with proper light and sufficient watering, it will probably last up to ten years in the closed space.
Can bamboo palm be planted outdoors?
Yes. If you live in a warm climate, you can plant bamboo palms outdoors. Its height can reach 6 meters in open space if properly maintained.