Anthurium is a plant with a special and tropical appearance and it is also called flamingo flower. Maintaining this plant is not very easy, but it is definitely worth the trouble because it is very beautiful and gives a stunning look to your home. Continue with us to read more about anthurium plant.
What is Anthurium?
Anthurium is the name of a genus of perennial or perennial plants that includes nearly 1000 different species. Anthuriums are native to Central America, northern South America and the Caribbean region. Although anthurium can be grown outdoors and in the garden in tropical areas, since this plant requires special care, it is usually grown as a houseplant or in a greenhouse. Anthuriums grow slowly, and in conditions where they receive enough light, their growth speed increases a little. Anthuriums also need a lot of moisture and heat to grow well.
Anthurium has a special and tropical appearance, and for this reason it is also known as the flamingo flower. Anthurium can be planted and propagated at any time of the year, and this plant can flower throughout the year. Although not all species of anthurium flower, those that do are easily recognized by the distinctive shape of the flowers. Anthuriums have clusters of very small, stalkless flowers that are yellow or red in color and look like tails.
In fact, the inflorescence of anthurium is of the spot or spoon type, in which something similar to the leaf of the inflorescence surrounds the spike of the plant, which is known as the spot. Anthurium has heart-shaped, shiny and colorful spots. Non-flowering Anthurium species have larger leaves with more prominent veins. Colorful spots next to green leaves make Anthurium look attractive and special and become a popular houseplant. Anthurium is a long lasting plant and most of its species are climbers. If you want to keep anthurium at home, note that this plant is poisonous to humans and animals.
Anthurium plant maintenance
Anthuriums need a lot of light to grow, but this light should not be direct light. Except in winter, anthuriums do not like exposure to direct light. Of course, plants that are completely adapted to their conditions of maintenance are excluded from this rule. Anthuriums are native to areas where the temperature usually does not drop below 15 degrees Celsius. Even the flowerless species of this plant prefer higher temperatures. If anthurium is kept at a temperature lower than 15 degrees Celsius, the plant will be damaged.
Potted anthuriums prefer a rich, well-drained potting mix that should not be completely wet as it should be kept moist. In the natural environment, many anthurium species are aerobic plants. These types of plants live on other plants instead of growing in the soil. If your anthurium can’t support itself and is drooping, place a small wooden stand next to the plant for the plant to climb on.
It doesn’t matter whether you keep anthurium indoors or outdoors; This plant needs a lot of light to grow well. Of course, you should be careful that the plant is not exposed to direct sunlight because it can burn the leaves.
Anthurium prefers soils that have a coarse texture and good drainage. If you add some sand and peat moss to the soil suitable for orchids, it becomes an ideal composition for keeping anthurium in a pot.
In the maintenance of anthurium, it is very important to keep the soil constantly moist and you should not allow the soil to dry out completely. Put some pebbles in a tray, fill the tray with water and place the pot on the pebbles. Using a gravel tray is a good way to maintain the soil moisture around the plant. Leave enough time between two irrigations that the top surface of the soil dries and you can touch the soil surface to recognize the right time for watering again. For anthuriums that are kept indoors, watering once a week can be enough. But if you keep anthurium outdoors, it is better to water the plant once every two or three days during the hot months of the year.
Temperature and humidity
Anthuriums are native to tropical regions and if you want to be successful in growing them, you must provide them with conditions similar to these regions. This plant prefers high humidity and a temperature between 18 and 30 degrees Celsius. In areas with temperatures between 7 and 16 degrees Celsius, you can grow anthurium outdoors. But if you live in areas where the temperature reaches 4 degrees Celsius or even lower, you should not keep anthurium outdoors because it is likely that the plant will die at this temperature.
If you live in a dry climate and also during winter when the air is dry, mist the anthurium every day to provide the plant with the moisture it needs. Of course, it is possible that in the months when the air is drier, the plant needs more moisture, and it is necessary to use a humidifier, and it is even necessary that this device is constantly on.
Passing the winter
In non-tropical climates, anthuriums cannot survive the winter outdoors. If you are keeping your anthurium outdoors, move your plant indoors when the temperature drops below 15 degrees Celsius. You should move the plant to a bright and humid place that has a constant temperature of 24 degrees Celsius. If your bathroom has a sunny window, it is an ideal option for keeping anthurium in winter.
Feeding anthurium with liquid fertilizers during the growing season is not only not harmful for this plant, but also recommended. To feed anthurium, use fertilizers that contain a lot of phosphorus, dilute them about 1.5 times more than the recommended amount, and fertilize every week. Fertilizers rich in phosphorus help to strengthen the flowering of the plant.
“Less but always” is a common phrase in gardening principles that should be observed about the number of fertilization cycles, fertilizer concentration and the amount of its use.
When Anthurium leaves are withering and dying, the plant uses its energy to maintain and improve these leaves. You can help your plant use its energy to grow new leaves and flowers by removing leaves that have turned brown. If these leaves do not come off easily, use garden shears to separate them.
Remove the wilted flowers from the plant along with the stem. Keep wilted flowers for longer only if you want to use the plant’s seeds.
In order for the plant to have a more beautiful appearance, you should take some time to prune it. Remove leaves and branches that have caused the anthurium to look irregular. Of course, you should not remove a large number of leaves; Leave at least three or four leaves.
Change the pot
When the anthurium roots fill all the space in the pot, the plant produces a lot of aerial roots, and that means it’s time to change the pot. Anthurium usually needs to be repotted once every two years, but this time may take more than two years. To change the pot, transfer the anthurium to a pot that is only slightly larger than the previous pot. If the diameter of the new pot is 5 cm more than the previous one, it is enough and it is not necessary for the new pot to have a diameter greater than this.
Choosing a pot that has a lot of drainage holes is a point that everyone should follow. But people should choose the type of pot based on their watering habits. If you are one of those people who usually over-water, choose a clay pot. These pots have openings from which excess moisture can escape. If you are negligent in maintaining your plants and cannot follow a regular watering schedule, use plastic or ceramic pots. In these pots, the soil stays moist for a longer time.
To replace the anthurium pot, fill one third of the new pot with fresh and suitable soil. Then place the plant on the soil and gently pour soil around the main base of the plant. Since after a few weeks the aerial roots of the plant will appear above the soil surface, you should not fill the pot completely. After observing the aerial roots, you should pour some soil around the roots you see.
Common problems in maintaining anthurium plants
Although anthurium is a plant that needs special care, if you learn how to care for it and have a plan for it, maintaining anthurium is not a difficult task.
- Yellowing of the leaves: the plant has been exposed to strong and direct light or suffered from bacterial wilt.
- Brightening the color of the leaves: the plant receives more light than it needs.
- Browning of the tips of the leaves: the plant receives more light than it needs.
- Darkening of the stems and leaves: the plant is faced with a lack of light.
- Stem loosening: a type of fungus called Rhizoctonia is the cause of this problem.