Most people are somewhat familiar with what it takes to grow a plant. Having a strong and suitable light source with the needs of the plant is essential. But does this mean that the plant stops growing at sunset? What happens to the energy generated during the day? Do plants grow at night? Plants, like humans, are alive and breathing and therefore active at night. In this article, we will learn more about how plants work at night.
Do plants grow at night?
Yes ! Lack of light at night actually stimulates plants to grow faster at night. Plant phytochromes detect darkness and encourage the production of growth hormone at night, elevating the plant in search of light, thereby increasing plant height. This process helps plants direct their foliage towards the light and helps the seedlings in search of light to grow taller.
What is the growth process of plants at night?
The plants use sunlight for photosynthesis. It activates tiny chloroplasts in plant cells when sunlight hits the leaves. Chlorophyll inside cell chloroplasts acts almost like miniature solar panels, collecting and storing sunlight energy.
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The plants use this energy to convert carbon dioxide and water into glucose and oxygen. Oxygen is transported to the air as a waste product, while residual energy-rich glucose can be used for nutrition and growth, or stored in roots, leaves, and fruits for later use.
So the plants use the sunlight to their advantage during the day and produce as much food as possible and store the extra amount. Therefore, photosynthesis continues until sufficient water and light are available.
Although many activities take place during photosynthesis, these explanations are sufficient to understand what happens to plant growth after sunset.
Plants do not sleep, which means they do not really close at night. When the sun sets or the lights go out, plants are unable to continue photosynthesis, but can continue to breathe, a process in which living organisms convert nutrients into energy for biological functions and growth.
What does it mean to breathe in a plant?
Breathing allows the plant to use the glucose produced by photosynthesis. Oxygen and glucose are used for respiration to produce carbon dioxide and water, releasing energy in the process.
The important thing to know is that plants use oxygen all the time, day and night to breathe and use energy for essential functions and growth. Most people believe that plants do not use oxygen during the day, but this is not true. The fact is that the plants use more carbon dioxide than oxygen during the day and more oxygen than carbon dioxide at night. But in general, plants produce oxygen and consume carbon dioxide.
For this reason, many articles say that use only plants that produce oxygen at night, such as aloe vera, petunia and censoria in the bedroom to get a good night’s sleep. Because most plants consume oxygen at night and produce carbon dioxide.
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