Everything you need to know about barberry bush
Barberry is a member of the barberry family and is one of the plants that needs light for a long time to grow and develop. In the following article, for your familiarity, we will examine the suitable conditions for planting barberry. We are going to provide Everything you need to know about barberry bush.
Here is everything you need to know about barberry bush
Barberry is a thorny shrub and has a height of 1 to 3 meters as well as fragile branches. In some cases, if the conditions are favorable, the height of the barberry shrub can reach 6 meters.
One of the important points that we should mention about the barberry shrub is that this plant is a monoecious plant and has bisexual flowers, meaning that each flower has both male and female organs. As we said at the beginning, barberry is a thorny shrub and these thorns are formed from the transformation of the leaves and become wider at the junction of the thorns with the branch.
After this introduction, we will examine the suitable conditions for planting barberry:
The first point to note about the proper conditions for planting barberry is the barberry growing temperature. The ideal temperature at which barberry can be grown is between 15 and 18 degrees Celsius.
This plant has significant growth in April and May. In order for the barberry shrub to flower, it needs a temperature of 19 to 23 degrees Celsius. Also, the temperature of the plant dormancy period is between 7 and 11 degrees Celsius.
It is interesting to know that barberry shrubs have the necessary resistance to winter.
Soil required by barberry
Barberry shrubs usually grow in sandy-clay soils and lighter than heavy clay soils. But barberry shrubs have been shown to grow well in rocky soils.
Another thing to note about the soil needed for barberry is the pH of the soil in which the barberry grows. Barberry does not grow well in acidic soils and grows little.
Conversely, in relatively alkaline soils, barberry shrubs and crops grow better. It is generally recommended that the pH of the soil in which barberry grows be between 7 and 8. Also in calcareous soils, if there is enough water, barberry shrubs can grow well and yield.
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Time and method of planting barberry seedlings
The best time to plant barberry seedlings is late November and early December. Planting barberry seedlings at this time will be more successful for the farmer.
We recommend that you pay attention to its roots when buying barberry seedlings. Because the more barberry seedlings have roots, the lower the planting error percentage and the higher the probability of barberry seedlings sprouting.
One of the points that you should pay attention to when transferring barberry is that you should avoid damaging the barberry seedlings and also exposing the barberry seedlings to the air, especially the wind current.
Barberry seedlings should be planted and irrigated immediately and should be planted at intervals of 5 * 5, 4 * 4 and 4 * 5. The common method for planting barberry is that the soil is barbed and stacked and barberry seedlings are planted at the bottom of the barley.
Seedlings are usually planted in such a way that the seedlings are planted in two adjacent rows in a zigzag pattern.
Barberry shrubs are highly resistant to dehydration. But if you want the barberry you produce to be large and fleshy, pay attention to its irrigation. Irrigation of barberry should be done every 10 to 12 days. Of course, the type of barberry weather conditions are also involved in barberry irrigation.
One of the factors involved in barberry irrigation is the type of barberry species. For example, there is a species of barberry in Argentina that requires 1,200 to 3,000 mm.
There is another species of barberry that needs 150 to 270 mm of water. If the barberry you are planting is barren, it needs a little water.
During drought years, farmers irrigate barberry seedlings three times during the summer. But if you are looking for more watering, you should follow the regular watering of the plant after shedding the petals of the plant for one or two weeks before harvesting the barberry.