How to care for Kalanchoe?
Kalanchoe is an attractive apartment plant that produces beautiful tiny flowers in different colors. This plant is one of the most popular houseplants among flower and plant lovers due to its flowering. This plant belongs to the succulent family and its high resistance makes it very easy to maintain at home. In this article, we will get acquainted with the types of Kalanchoe and the maintenance conditions of Kalanchoe, such as irrigation, light and suitable soil for Kalanchoe. If you are also interested in keeping Kalanchoe flowers at home, join How to care for Kalanchoe.
Let’s get acquainted with Kalanchoe flowers
This plant with the English and scientific name kalanchoe belongs to the Crassulaceae family and is native to the region of Madagascar. Its height reaches about 50 cm. This plant has more than 200 species, each of which has different shapes and sizes. The characteristic of this plant is that it has light green, fleshy and oval leaves whose edges are turned upwards. The flowers of this plant are clustered and their emergence season is from mid-winter to mid-spring. The flowers of the plant consist of four petals and are found in red, purple, orange, yellow and white.
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Types of Kalanchoe
The most famous types of kalanchoe for your acquaintance are listed below:
Kalanchoe Christmas (kalanchoe blossfeldiana): In English it is called widow’s thrill. This plant has beautiful red flowers.
Kalanchoe thyrsiflora: The English name for the paddle plant is native to South Africa. The fleshy leaves of the plant have a red border that adds to its beauty.
Kalanchoe daigremontiana: Another type of kalanchoe that is highly resistant and difficult to eradicate.
How to care for Kalanchoe
The best temperature for keeping Kalanchoe is between 17 and 22 degrees Celsius, and keeping this plant at higher temperatures will stop the plant from growing. But because this plant is native to the tropics, it works best in a relatively warm environment.
wATERING systems :
Irrigation of this plant should be regular and for irrigation, it is better to irrigate when the soil of the plant is dry. Do not stick, water the plant.
the light :
This plant needs moderate indirect light. Do not expose the plant to direct light in any way.
For better plant growth, you can use liquid enhancers for plants and flowers.
This plant needs well-drained soil and the best soil is ready for Kalanchoe, Dutch soil or soil and fertilizer.
When the roots come out of the bottom of the pot, it is time to change the pot, and if you change the pot earlier, it will stop the plant from growing.
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Inadequate plant light and insufficient soil nutrients can be the reason why this plant does not flower.
Under normal conditions, this plant flowers once a year, but by adjusting the plant light, the number of flowering times can be increased.
This plant is considered a short day and this means that in autumn and winter when the plant has no flowers, it should be in complete darkness after sunset.
It is generally recommended that the plant be in absolute darkness for about 14-15 hours each day.
Also, the plant should receive adequate and adequate light for about 8 to 10 hours a day. Keep in mind that even if you do not provide suitable conditions for your plant one day, all your efforts will be wasted.
If you follow these conditions for 8 consecutive weeks, you can see the small buds of your plant.
After a month, the buds will mature and you can move the plant to a fixed location and make its days longer.
At the end of the flowering period, cut the dried stems of the flowers until they have no leaves, or with one or two leaves.
After doing this, irrigate a little and then do not irrigate until the wounds at the incision are closed.
After a while, the plant starts to grow green again, which indicates the beginning of the plant’s rest time, and you should shorten the plant days in this period.
Shortening the days and absolute darkness for more than 12 hours stimulates the budding of the plant.
Repeat the steps as before.
The maximum daylight is 13 hours. Irrigation should be low during budding. It is also recommended to use a strengthening solution every two weeks during this period.