How to feed your plants with Mushroom Compost?
Mushroom Compost is used to produce and grow mushrooms. In addition to being good for fungi, it also provides excellent growing conditions for a variety of vegetables, fruits and flowers, and is suitable for plants that need a lot of water because it retains moisture.
Precise instructions vary from manufacturer to manufacturer, but mushroom compost is usually based on organic matter such as straw or alfalfa, which is combined with gypsum and horse or chicken manure. The mixture is placed in hot compost piles to be processed and pasteurized to kill weeds and microorganisms. It can then be used. In this article we are going to tell you How to feed your plants with Mushroom Compost
What are the ingredients of mushroom compost?
In fact, it is made up of organic matter. Common components include alfalfa, straw, gypsum, horse manure, gypsum, peat moss, sphagnum moss and lime.
A new study by Pennsylvania State University found that mushroom compost has 58% moisture. The research showed that mushroom compost contains a lot of water. As it is sterilized during the composting process, the compost should not contain any bacteria, wheat grains or weeds.
What are the benefits of mushroom compost?
High humidity makes mushroom compost a great way to help the environment by saving water. In addition, the fact that mushroom compost is a by-product of the mushroom growing industry.
The straw in the fungal compost wears off over time, destroying the dense clay soils. This can improve the structure and drainage of such soils and make it more suitable for plant growth.
Mushroom compost also contains small amounts of nitrogen, which is essential for plant growth and foliage growth. Because the fungus has already consumed many nutrients, the fungus compost acts as a lightweight fertilizer that gradually enriches the soil, without having too much of the nutrients that cause weeds to grow.
Is just mushroom compost enough for that fungus to grow?
Mushroom compost is not a substitute for soil and you should not try to plant mushroom seeds only in compost. Its high salt content can be bad for some plants, while its water-retaining properties can cause the soil to become immersed, which can lead to fungal infections and rot.
However, you can use cover soil with mushroom compost. Mixing mushroom compost with soil in a ratio of 1: 3 before planting reduces salt and has a slow fertilizing effect. You can do this by sowing seeds or plants in a mixture of compost and soil.
Mushroom compost is suitable for which plants?
Surprisingly, mushroom compost is beneficial for fungal growth. This is, after all, the purpose for which it is designed. However, when added to the soil, a variety of potted plants, fruits and vegetables, where it acts as a light fertilizer, can be useful, adding organic matter to the soil and encouraging growth.
The great ability of mushroom compost to retain water is excellent for plants that need a lot of hydration, such as hibiscus and other tropical plants.
We recommend mixing mushroom compost in the soil before planting. After growth, adding a layer of fungal compost to the top of the soil can help improve its appearance, as limited nutrients are slowly absorbed through the soil and the plant feeds itself, without encouraging weed growth. For this reason, it can be used as an effective mulch when fresh.
The best way to use compost in gardens
Compost should be close to the roots to have the best effect on crop yield and quality. Compost is commonly used in fruit trees in two ways.
1. Consumption of compost in holes
In this method, depending on the age of the tree, dig two to six holes under the shade of the plant. Note that the holes should be drilled in the last third of the plant shade. The depth of the holes dug in trees under 5 years old should be at least 10 and at most 30 cm and in trees over 5 years old at least 20 and at most 40 cm. In the flood system, the drilled holes should be exactly in the path of the irrigation water and in the drip system, they should be located under the drippers.
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2. Consumption of compost fertilizer by Connel method
In this method, dig a canal to a depth of 10 to 30 cm, depending on the age of the tree, and pour the recommended amount of compost into it. As in the previous method, it should be created in the last third of the plant shading. The created ores should be located in the irrigation water path so that along with the irrigation water, the compost fertilizer is absorbed by the plant roots. Note that the depth of the canal should be created according to the depth of root penetration so that the roots should not be seriously damaged when digging the canal.