Eggplant is one of the most popular summer vegetables that is used in a variety of foods due to its special taste. Eggplant is native to India and Sri Lanka and can be easily grown in pots. Planting and maintaining this plant on the balcony is fun and in addition to the pleasure of growing it all year round, it gives you fresh fruit. Join us in this article to get acquainted with grow eggplant in pots.
How to grow eggplant in container?
the eggplant (Solanum melongena)
Beringal or eggplant is a vegetable native to southern India but has become a popular vegetable around the world today. Eggplant is a tropical and perennial plant. Indian cuisine has a variety of flavors, most of which are prepared with eggplant. Baingan ka bharta and vankaya sambhar are the most popular types of eggplant.
Growing eggplant in pots vertically
There are two ways you can grow eggplant in a pot. The first way is to use the seeds to grow the plant from the beginning. Another way is to buy seedlings from the greenhouse. Buying seedlings is the best way for beginners because it is an easy and hassle-free process. You can easily find the seeds or seedlings of any eggplant you want to grow in the greenhouse.
Planting eggplant at home yard
Spring is usually the best time to plant this vegetable in the garden or orchard. But when you grow it in a pot, you can plant it in any season throughout the year, because you can move the plant according to climate change. Eggplant can grow in its mainland, India, even in winter, because India has a subtropical climate and winters are not very cold except in the Himalayas.
Growing eggplant using seeds
Temperatures above 20 ° C are ideal for eggplant germination. You can place each seed in a small pot with light soil such as a ready-made bed to make the germination process easier. When the seeds germinate and have at least 4 leaves, the seedlings are ready to be planted in larger pots, where they can grow well.
Choose the right pot for the seedlings
You should be very careful when choosing pots for growing eggplant seedlings in pot because different types of this plant need different pots. Larger species need larger pots to grow, and far smaller species need smaller pots. So at the very least, choose a pot that is approximately 30 cm in diameter and has suitable drainage holes.
Conditions required for the growth of eggplant in pots
To grow eggplant in a pot, you must pay attention to the following requirements:
Place your plants in a place where there is a lot of sunlight because the seedlings need a lot of heat and sunlight when growing. Proper air circulation is also essential for further growth in the plant.
Eggplant grows best in sandy loam soil that is neutral to slightly acidic. They need soil that is rich in nutrients, retains enough moisture, and has good drainage. You can also add cow dung or compost to the soil to improve water retention and add nutrients.
These plants need evenly moist soil, so do regular watering every day in summer and every 2 or 3 days in winter or rainy season. Make sure the pot has drainage holes so that the plant roots do not rot due to wet soil.
Eggplant seedlings need heavy nutrients and the right dose of fertilizer. Prepare the soil mixture with 1/4 compost and the same amount of rotten cow manure or chicken manure. Also do not forget about monthly fertilization during plant growth. If you do not grow with organic fertilizers, you can prepare special fertilizers for your plants.
To grow eggplant in container in your area, you must provide conditions similar to its birthplace. India has a more tropical or subtropical climate and the native plant of India is adapted to the climate of this country. So you do not need to worry too much about the temperature conditions of eggplant plants. They easily survive and thrive in home climates.
Eggplant care tips
You can increase your plant productivity by pruning. Therefore, prune stems that grow too tall because they restrict plant growth.
Watch out for any yellowing of leaves or sucking creatures in your plant and remove them.
Tie your plants to a guard to support them enough. The growth of larger fruits on the plant can make the branches heavy and bent. So, tie your plants to balcony railings, or you can support the plant by tying them to a bamboo stick and placing it in the center of the pot.
Protecting plants from a variety of pests and diseases is also essential. Beetles, black fleas, aphids, worms are common pests in eggplant. You can easily remove these pests by using household pesticides such as neem oil or simply a few drops of dish soap on them.
It generally takes two to three months for seedlings to mature from the day of planting. The ripening time of fruits depends on several factors: 1. The fish in which the plant is located 2. The current climate of the plant and 3. The type of eggplant planted. To harvest the eggplant, it is enough to cut it a few centimeters above the fruit cap with a pruner or a knife. For the best taste, it is better to keep it on the plant until cooking to keep it fresh or to keep it in the refrigerator until use.