In today’s houses, there is little space to make a garden and usually only the windows get the sun. If you are interested in flowers and plants, you can use this little space next to the garden and make a garden by the window. Of course, not every plant is suitable for planting in this garden. Continue with Digikala Mag to read more about the window garden and suitable plants for it.
What is a window garden or a window garden?
The garden next to the window is a collection of plants that you plant in the space behind the window and window sill. These plants may be planted indoors or in baskets that you place outside. If you like to grow plants at home and you don’t have enough space, this space is the best opportunity to use the light and environment for planting plants.
What equipment and conditions do we need to build a garden by the window?
In order to get the best results from the construction of this garden, you must first provide suitable conditions for plant growth. The garden next to the window should have the following components and features:
The niche you choose to make this garden should receive at least 5 hours of sunlight during the day. With these conditions, plants that need a lot of light, including vegetables, can grow well.
Pot or container for planting
To plant plants, you should put pots, baskets or containers for planting plants in the window. Prepare a suitable vase according to the space you have. You can put big, wide and rectangular pots that are special for planting vegetables behind the windowsill.
You can make these containers yourself with wood, plastic boxes, etc. Make sure that the containers and pots must have a hole for drainage and exit of excess water.
In addition to regular watering of the plants you plant, you should also take care of them with other methods. The plants should be pruned regularly so that the size fits the pot you put in the window.
Which plants are suitable for the garden next to the window?
There are many plants that you can plant in the window garden. However, the space you have in the niche is limited. You should plant plants that do not overgrow and are manageable. Also, their roots should not need too much space.
Vegetables are the most common plants that are usually planted in window gardens because most vegetables usually grow well in smaller spaces. One of the advantages of planting vegetables in the garden next to the window is that you have access to fresh vegetables for cooking all year round. If you plant it near the kitchen window, you are just a few steps away from fresh vegetables while cooking.
If you plan to plant several types of plants in one pot, you should be careful to put vegetables together whose water needs are similar. For example, herbs such as basil, cilantro, and parsley need moist soil, but chives, thyme, rosemary, and oregano can survive in a drier environment. Mint and tarragon grow quickly with wild roots and can overtake other plants if not taken care of. So plant them in separate containers.
Garlic, leek and onion
Vegetables such as garlic, onions and leeks usually grow well indoors. In addition, they need little space and soil. Each clove of garlic or chives you plant will produce only once, so when you harvest your crop, be careful about planting the next series as well. It is interesting to know that you can plant chives without soil and in a glass of water.
If your desired window doesn’t get 5 hours of sunlight a day, you can choose leafy vegetables that get 2 to 3 hours of sunlight a day. Vegetables like lettuce are one of the easiest vegetables you can grow at home. Spinach is also a good choice. These vegetables do not have a very large and extensive root system, so you can plant them in shallow containers.
Microgreens are vegetables that are harvested from seed just after the first leaves have grown and are different from sprouts. These micro-vegetables are used to prepare salads, smoothies and add to various dishes. As their name suggests, microgreens are very small vegetables and you can plant them close together in a small space. Because they are small in a small space, you can plant and harvest a lot of these vegetables.
Legumes like peas and beans require very little care and can easily handle the conditions of a window garden. Models that do not move are more suitable for planting in the garden next to the window. Green beans are one of the legumes that you can plant and enjoy its unique taste in different seasons of the year.
Vegetables with small roots
Vegetables that have small roots, such as radish or carrot, need more space than eating vegetables, but planting them has two advantages. You can use both their roots and leaves. You can eat the leaves of these plants and add them to the salad. If you have more space to create taller pots, you can also consider planting these plants.
Succulents are one of the most popular houseplants because they are easy to care for. These plants prefer warmer weather, so they are very suitable for keeping indoors. The variety of succulents or fleshy plants is very large. The only thing you need to know about their maintenance is not to overwater.
If you like to plant a plant at home to beautify the window and fill the fragrance of flowers, you can choose a variety of flowering plants compatible with the home environment. Among the most popular flowering plants to keep near a sunny window are hyacinths, daffodils, geraniums, cyclamen, and African violets. If you have enough sunlight, petunia is also a good choice for planting by the window.
Tomatoes are one of the most popular choices for those who like to grow their own vegetables at home. This plant grows fast and the only thing you need to observe about it is to get enough light. Tomatoes are more challenging to grow than other plants on this list. But if you can maintain it properly, it will thank you with a great product.
To plant tomatoes at home, choose models that are short in height. At the same time, you must provide them with a base for the growth of the plant, that is, a small scaffold on which the plant can grow. This plant needs sunlight and should be exposed to direct sunlight for several hours. It should be exposed to direct sunlight for at least 5 hours a day. So, if your window doesn’t get enough light, it’s better to skip choosing tomatoes.
How to create a garden next to the window?
After defining the space and choosing the right pot, follow the steps below:
Choosing the right soil depends on the plant you are planting, but in general, potting soil is usually suitable for planting most plants. The soil of this garden should be light and have good drainage. Use soil that has natural fertilizers. You can even make your own compost at home and add it to the soil.
Planting seeds or seedlings
Planting a plant from seed takes longer and is more difficult. You can find seedlings for most vegetables. Plant seedlings and seeds in pots with proper distance. After planting the seed or seedling according to the type of plant, water it. Pay attention that the amount of water needed by each plant may be different from another.
If you follow all the steps correctly and the garden next to your window has good conditions for plant maintenance, after a while it will thank you with an organic and homemade product. If you plant the plant indoors, you can do this almost all year round. If you plant a plant on the outside window, you can use it only in spring and summer.