How to take care of Calathea?
One of the most special houseplants is the Calathea flower. There are two types of Calathea Orantia or Calathea Tricolor and Calathea Zebra are very popular and each has its own beauty. Of course, keeping this plant at home is not an easy task, and you must know how to store Calathea and take the necessary care of it to have a fresh and lush plant. If you are also interested in keeping Calathea flowers, this special and rare plant, join us in this article.
Let’s get acquainted with Calathea flowers
The Calathea flower or prayer plant is native to Central and South America and countries such as Colombia and Venezuela and is grown as an ornamental plant. This plant contains 270 species, all of which belong to the Marantaceae family.
In the following, we will get acquainted with the types of Calathea flowers and the method of keeping Calathea flowers.
Types of Calathea flowers
Here are some of the most popular types of Calathea flowers for your familiarity:
Calathea zebrina is a plant native to Brazil and is one of the most common types of Calathea flowers. Its leaves are light green with dark green stripes and for this reason it is known as Calathea zebra. Although the Calathea plant does not normally flower in the apartment, it can produce small white and purple flowers in the spring in the open.
In English, this plant is called pink stripes. Just look at it once to understand the reason for this naming. Its leaves are dark green with attractive pink stripes that attract any look. One of the most famous varieties of Ornata is Calathea Sandrina, which has smaller leaves than the common Calathea Ornata. To maintain this plant, it is enough to prepare well-drained soil and pay attention to regular watering of the plant.
One of the most stunning varieties of Calathea is the Orbifolia type. The leaves are glossy and appear green and silver. Like the rest of its family, this plant grows best in warm weather (temperatures 18 to 26 degrees). If the temperature is too high above 18 degrees, the plant may be damaged. The soil should always be moist (not wet).
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This plant is called Rattlesnake or rattlesnake in English because of the beautiful spots on the leaves that look like reptile skin. This type of Calathea grows taller than the others and its mature plant is about half a meter high. The leaves are wavy and appear as lanceolate, green and purple.
How to take care of Calathea?
the light :
Calathea flowers need bright but indirect light. This plant grows in its shade in the shade of taller trees and therefore receives limited light. In fact, direct light burns the leaves of Calathea and destroys its beautiful colors.
watering systems :
Be sure to use salt-free water to irrigate the plant. This plant likes moist soil but should not let the soil get wet and waterlogged. In general, irrigation should be balanced and so that there is always a little moisture in the soil. Excessive irrigation also causes root drowning and damage to the plant.
Calathea likes the same conditions in her apartment because she grows up in hot and humid conditions. You can use a fumigator to supply moisture to the plant or spray its leaves once every few days.
This plant does not like cold weather and likes warm and tropical weather similar to its birthplace. Temperatures of 18 to 25 ° C are ideal for storing Calathea. The minimum temperature that the plant can withstand in winter is 16 degrees. In general, temperatures below 18 and above 25 degrees cause damage to the plant, the first sign of which is the twisting of the leaves.
Since the plant likes moist soil, you should use soil that has the ability to retain water. Of course, if the soil in the pot does not hold water for a long time, there is no need to worry. You can irrigate at shorter intervals to provide soil moisture. A mixture of leaf litter, garden soil and peat is suitable for it. Adding perlite to the soil composition can also help absorb water.
The plant does not need much fertilizer. Only during the growing season can you use fluoride and salt fertilizers to strengthen the plant. Ordinary fertilizer for houseplants is also sufficient for the plant.