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Investigation of the most common plant diseases and methods to eliminate them

Investigation of the most common plant diseases and methods to eliminate them

Investigation of the most common plant diseases and methods to eliminate them

The most common plant diseases, except for non-infectious and non-living factors, which include environmental factors such as light, soil, moisture, etc., are mostly caused by living and infectious agents with the possibility of transmission from one plant to another.

Fungi have a greater share among different factors. In this article we are going to talk about Investigation of the most common plant diseases and methods to eliminate them. be with us.

Investigation of the most common plant diseases and methods to eliminate them

The most common plant diseases are the types of plant diseases that occur in most plants.

Plants that grow naturally or genetically engineered are all susceptible to pests and diseases.

The most common plant diseases are divided into two categories:

1.      Abiotic or Non-Infectious

Diseases are those that are caused by non-living external factors but are not transmissible from plant to plant.

Such as diseases caused by soil problems, sunburn, soil compaction, food shortages, etc.

2.      Biotic or Infectious

The most common plant diseases are said to involve living organisms and can be transmitted to other plants.

In this article, we will deal with these diseases and pests that affect all parts of the plant such as leaves, stems, roots, fruits, seeds, vascular tissues, etc.

Mildew varieties in plants

Mildews belong to the category of fungal and infectious diseases in plants.

Which is stretched first on the leaf and then on the whole and even the stem.

Downy Mildew

It is found in the form of white to yellow spots on the upper surface of old leaves.

They also appear under the leaves with white to gray fungi, which are also called cotton blight on the plant.

They usually appear after heavy rain or dew and are cold and humid for the weather.

As a result, plants are more likely to be affected in early spring or late fall.

To prevent and treat this condition, infected leaves should be pruned first.

Collect the base of the plant or trees to which the infected leaves have been shed, and if the plant is severely infected with the disease, destroy the whole.

Copper-containing fungicides are also extremely effective.

Investigation of the most common plant diseases and methods to eliminate them

Powdery Mildew

One of the most common plant diseases is fungal and infectious, which occurs mostly when the soil has low humidity and high humidity on the plant surface.

It appears in the form of boil-like areas on the leaves and causes it to curl.

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White to gray spots usually appear on the upper surface, and unopened flower buds will not turn white due to infection.

In severe cases, the infected part turns brown.

For treatment, it is better to prune the infected part and remove the infected parts from the plants.

Use several coats of organic mulch or compost.

Spray 40% milk and 60% water is the best fungicide for this type of plant disease.

You can also use neem oil for 7 days to prevent the plant from becoming infected.

Treatment of petal fungal disease

Petus fungal diseases are diverse and we will mention the most common of them.

Root rot caused by Phytophthora:

Causes root rot and the color of the leaves to dark brown or black.

Investigation of the most common plant diseases and methods to eliminate them

The best treatment is to remove the damaged parts and cut off the irrigation until the disease is completely gone.

Because fungal spores are easily transmitted through water, then a suitable fungicide should be used.

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Anthracnose:

It is a special disease and of course one of the most common plant diseases that is also specific to Petus.

It causes black and yellow spots on all parts of the plant, especially the stems and leaves.

It spreads quickly in humid and rainy weather.

Infected parts should be removed and treated for treatment.

You should also use a small amount of fungicide sprays containing copper.

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