the properties of ornamental sunflower and sunflower preservation
Sunflower is one of the most beautiful and special flowers that we are all familiar with. This flower with its dazzling beauty is an ideal plant for planting in a garden or pot. Sunflower is also used as a cut flower. Giving a sunflower as a gift is a symbol of loyalty and praise. As you know, sunflower is also used orally and its seeds are a delicious and nutritious snack. In this article, we will get acquainted with the properties of ornamental sunflower and sunflower preservation and introduce the growth stages of sunflower and the properties of sunflower. If you want to know about the properties of ornamental sunflower and sunflower preservation, join us.
The scientific name of the sunflower is Helianthus annuus. helianthus is a Greek word consisting of two parts helios meaning sun and anthos meaning following. So Helianthus is a flower that follows the path of the sun. Sunflower is an annual plant with rapid growth. The main birthplace of this flower is the American West. Sunflower is an optional long day flower. If you sow the seeds of this flower in spring, you can see it bloom in summer. This flower loves heat and grows well in summer. The usual color of sunflower is yellow, but it is also seen in red and rarely purple. Sunflowers are not usually kept in the apartment because they need full sun. But planting sunflowers in the garden is a great idea.
History of sunflower
The main birthplace of American sunflower. This plant was brought to Europe in the 16th century and from there it spread to the whole world. This flower has been considered as an important food source in Europe for many years before the Industrial Revolution. Today, sunflower is grown as an ornament due to its special beauty. Ornamental sunflower is more noticeable because of its beauty.
Properties of sunflower
- Help pollination:
Sunflower petals attract bees. This helps a lot to increase pollination. The bees feed on the nutritious sap of the flower and make honey.
- Soil detoxification:
Sunflower is grown in soils contaminated with heavy metals. This flower removes toxins and heavy metals from the soil. Heavy metals absorbed by sunflower include lead, arsenic, copper, zinc, cadmium and..
- Edible seeds:
Sunflower seeds are used as seeds and have a delicious taste. These seeds are of two types, gray and black. Both types of grains contain large amounts of beneficial compounds such as selenium, magnesium and vitamin E.
- Medicinal properties:
The essential oil of this flower is used to heal wounds and reduce blood pressure.
The essential oil of sunflower leaves has a special antimicrobial properties.
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Consumption of sunflower seeds balances cholesterol levels and lowers blood pressure. (Of course, raw sunflower seeds have this property, not roasted and salted seeds.)
Another property of sunflower seeds (sunflower seeds) is to help rejuvenate the skin. Sunflower seeds contain a lot of vitamin E, which promotes healthy skin.
In addition to rejuvenating the skin, vitamin E also promotes hair and nail growth.
Sunflower seeds contain elements of magnesium, phosphorus and copper that help strengthen bones.
Care of sunflowers
Sunflower is a plant that needs full sunlight. Adequate light causes good sunflower flowering. So if your area has a cloudy and rainy climate and not enough sunshine during the day, it is better to grow another flower instead of sunflower. If full light does not reach the plant, it will not grow much and flowering and seed production will not take place. You may think 3-4 hours of sunlight is enough for sunflower, but make no mistake. Sunflower should receive full light throughout the day. So do not plant this flower in the shade of other trees in any way.
Sunflower has extensive roots and is therefore somewhat resistant to drought. But in general, watering this flower should be regular. Especially in the early months of growth when the roots are just growing and spreading. Note that excessive watering can also cause the leaves to turn yellow and fall off, as well as deforming the seeds.
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The best storage temperature for sunflowers is 21 to 25 degrees Celsius. Of course, sunflower can withstand high temperatures up to 33 degrees and low temperatures up to 17 degrees. The higher the temperature, the more irrigation you need and the shorter the distance between the two irrigations. Similarly, in colder seasons the plant will need less irrigation.
Light soil containing leaf soil and rotted manure is suitable for sunflower. Make sure that the soil is well drained and does not become swampy when irrigating. You can add some sand to the mixture to increase soil drainage. This flower is not very sensitive to saline soils. The soil used should have a neutral pH.