Tips of soil conservation methods
Have you ever heard about soil conservation methods? If you want to know about the tips of soil conservation methods, read this article. We will also mention the benefits of soil conservation.
Soil conservation methods can prevent erosion, keep the soil nutrients on the land and also protect the lands which are being used for farming. Tips of soil conservation methods reduce the damage that may be done by development to the surrounding area.
Why is soil conservation important?
To mention the tips of soil conservation methods, we must find out the importance of soil conservation. Good soil conservation puts nutrients back into the soil. Different types of conservation practices prevent damages to the soil. As a result, farms can be a part of a thriving ecosystem. With soil conservation, the soil is considered a living ecosystem.
The soil will be kept fertile and healthy by the inhabitants of that ecosystem. They break down the organic matter, release nutrients, circulate water within the soil and create good air. These are the benefits of soil conservation techniques.
Benefits of soil conservation
Farmers can take advantage of the benefits of soil conservation. This agricultural practice helps sustainability in different ways:
It can boost productivity and earth quality. When the natural environment for earth-dwelling organisms is maintained, fertility will be increased and the necessity of chemical fertilizing will be decreased.
It reduces erosion. By reducing erosion and depleting, soil conservation prevents the expansion of new lands.
It can promote infiltration and increase its storage. It reduces cracking and evaporation and also increases the infiltration rate.
It can make the water pure and aid air. Soil conservation is beneficial for water supplies because it is considered a natural filter that purifies water. The concentration of pollutants and sediments will be reduced by soil conservation.
Soil conservation can give food and shelter for wildlife. Some living environments for animals are lands with growing vegetation. They are a source of nourishment and also their home.
It is recommended by professionals to use soil conservation for farming land without tilling. Tilling farmland leads to the disturbance of the soil and the reduction of the soil’s ability to hold water. In No-till farming, the remainder of the last crop and be found in the soil.
As a result, energy will be provided by decomposed materials for the soil. Some organisms that live in the soil need dead plant and animal matter for energy and food. The soil will be replenished by no-till farming.
Crop rotation and cover crops
When farmers grow corn in the same fields for years and years, the soil will be depleted from essential nutrients. Rotating crops means that the field will not get involved with the disease. It is because the pathogens and weeds that lead to disease will not be there anymore.
The best result will be made by rotating susceptible crops with resilient crops. Farmers can prevent excess nutrients by growing crops that require different nutrients. This way, the soil will become healthier and the crop yields and profits will be increased. For fertilizing the soil and adding nutrients, farmers use legumes, such as clover and alfalfa.
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The soil quality will be increased by planting a cover crop on a field. Common cover crops include sweet clover, winter wheat, alfalfa, and rye.
Contour farming on hillsides
Wen farmers want to farm on a hillside, they plant along the contour instead of letting the soil run off the hillside. The furrows and rows of plants won’t allow rainwater to wash soil off the hill into the lower-lying area. This way, the soil will be healthier for future crops.
Windbreaks and stream buffers
Wind may blow the freshly planted field. To prevent this, rows of trees will be planted by the farmers to reduce the damages that can be made by wind. Wildlife habitats for small animals, insects, and birds can be provided by buffers.