With the end of the spring season and the beginning of the summer season, this question arises for many people, whether it is possible to plant vegetables and summer herbs in the summer season as well? The time to plant most plants is in the spring, but some crops can be planted in the summer. These plants are planted in summer and can be harvested in autumn. In this text, some suitable crops for planting in the summer season have been mentioned.
Planting beans in summer
Beans are one of the vegetables that are widely used in food and are one of the popular vegetables. Beans are easy to grow and can usually be harvested 40 to 60 days after planting. The best time to plant beans is June to early August. In order for the beans to occupy less space in the garden, it is better to prepare a scaffold for it or tie it to a rope so that it grows vertically.
Planting bean seeds
Sow the seeds directly in the ground. Choose a location with full sun, rich, well-drained soil with a pH above 6. Plant the seeds 2.5 cm deep in the soil, keep the distance between the seeds 10 cm and the distance between the planting rows 50 cm. The suitable soil temperature for bean seed germination is 21 to 32 degrees Celsius.
You can plant when the average soil temperature during the day is at least 16 degrees Celsius. Germination takes longer at temperatures below 16°C. Sow bean seeds every 2-3 weeks in mid-summer for a consistent supply of produce. There is no need to thin the seedlings. Harvest the beans regularly to encourage the plant to produce a new crop. Keep the soil moist.
Planting tomatoes and eggplants in summer
Eggplant planting time is usually late spring. However, it can grow well when it is planted in the first month of summer. Tomatoes are planted both in spring and in July. Both of these products start producing fruit 60 to 80 days after planting.
Both tomato and eggplant are members of the eggplant family. Do not plant these two products near each other. Because they have similar pests and if one of them has a problem, it may be transferred to other plants and cause your crops to spoil. Tomatoes can be planted next to crops such as sweet basil to prevent tomato worm damage.
Planting tomato seeds
First, plant the seeds at home and then transfer the seedlings to the ground. Use a rich, well-drained soil for planting tomatoes. Peat moss can also be used for planting tomato seeds. Plant tomato seeds 5 mm deep. The ideal temperature for tomato seed germination is 24 to 32 degrees Celsius. At this temperature, tomato seeds germinate 6 to 10 days after planting. Keep the soil moist. It is better to cover the pot or tray with plastic to maintain moisture, in this case germination will be done faster.
Transfer the tomato seedlings to the ground after the frost is over. Consider the distance between seedlings 35 to 50 cm and the distance between planting rows 60 cm. Use complete and liquid fertilizers for the plant once a month. Tomatoes need full sun, well-drained and rich soil to grow. Do not use fertilizers that have high amounts of nitrogen because it encourages the plant to produce leaves, resulting in reduced productivity. Water the plant regularly during the growing season, but avoid overwatering. Watering 3 times a week is enough.
Planting eggplant seeds
First, sow the seeds in the seedling tray or pot, then transfer the seedling to the ground. Plant eggplant seeds 5 mm deep in rich, well-drained soil. The ideal temperature for eggplant seed germination is 27 to 32 degrees Celsius. At this temperature, the seeds germinate one to two weeks after planting. Eggplant seeds do not germinate at low temperatures. Keep the soil moist until germination. Plant the seedlings in a full sun location. Consider the distance between eggplant seedlings to be 45 to 60 cm and the distance between planting rows to be 90 cm.
Water the plant regularly during the growing season. Watering three times a week is enough. Moisten the soil but be careful not to wet it too much. Avoid giving the plant high nitrogen fertilizers, as this will cause the leaves to thicken and reduce fruit production. After the eggplant plant has formed a few leaves, give the plant a balanced fertilizer once a week or once every two weeks. NPK fertilizers (nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium) 20-20-20 or 15-30-15 are suitable for eggplant.
Planting carrots, corn and cucumbers in summer
Late spring and early summer is the best time to plant corn and cucumbers. Sweet corn matures 60 to 95 days after planting. Cucumber can be harvested 60 to 75 days after planting. Of course, the cucumbers used for pickling are harvested 50 to 60 days after planting. Carrots can also be planted in early to mid-summer. Depending on the variety, carrots need 70 to 150 days to mature.
Planting cucumber seeds
Cucumber is a warm season product that grows best at temperatures between 18 and 30 degrees Celsius, and is frozen at temperatures below 10 degrees Celsius. Fertile loam soils with good drainage are recommended for growing cucumbers. First, the ground is plowed to a depth of 60 cm, then rotted animal manure is added to the soil, and then chemical fertilizer, which includes nitrogen, phosphorus, and potash, is added to the ground in the required amount. Cucumber cultivation is done in spring on ridges that are 1.5 to 2 meters apart. In this case, water enters from one side and reaches the root of the plant as a leak.
Sow cucumber seeds 12 mm deep and 50 to 70 cm apart. The seeds germinate after one to two weeks. In hot areas, cucumber seeds can be planted in late summer and early fall. After the cucumber plant appears, it should be regularly weeded around it. In the hot season, when cucumbers bear fruit, they need to be watered every 5 to 7 days. Watering should be done slowly and gently so that it penetrates at least 60 cm deep into the soil, and in no case should water be sprayed on the leaves of cucumber plants. Because it causes fungus on the leaves.
The suitable soil pH for cucumber growth is 5.6 to 5.7. Cucumber is usually harvested based on its size and its age is not considered. As soon as the cucumber reaches the desired size, it should be harvested. If cucumbers are planted in a greenhouse and the conditions of the greenhouse are normal, the fruits grow very quickly, and therefore it is necessary to harvest at least 2 to 3 times a week, and the longer the harvesting interval, the larger the number of large cucumbers that are out of size. It is desired by the market and will increase.
Planting corn seeds
To grow, corn needs a soil that does not dry out quickly and retains enough moisture, at the same time it has good drainage so that water does not remain in the soil and the soil does not become wet and saturated with water. Plant the seeds 2.5 cm deep in the soil. Corn planting is done in two ways: the linear method and the stack method, in the linear or row method, the distance between the rows is 75 to 120 cm and the distance between the bushes is 20 to 30 cm, and in the stack method, the distance between the stacks is 90 from each other. 5 to 6 seeds are planted in each pile.
Planting corn in ridges is better than planting corn in a linear way because pollination by wind is easier. Due to the fact that corn grows fast, its fertilizer requirement is high. Therefore, in lands with good soils, nitrogen fertilizer is used up to 85 kg per hectare. The need of corn for phosphorus fertilizer is very low and the amount of 40 to 45 kg per hectare is enough. But on the contrary, it needs a lot of potash fertilizers and they consume 85 to 100 kg. Corn is sensitive to zinc deficiency, and in case of deficiency of this element, pale stripes appear on the leaves and buds turn white. Maize can be cultivated in any type of climate, but it grows better in hot climates, it also ripens earlier and yields more.
In addition to the presence of sufficient temperature during the growth period, the plant must be continuously provided with sufficient moisture. The water requirements of corn reach their maximum during root production and their inoculation, as well as when the seeds are closed. Because in these stages of plant growth, lack of water, especially if it is accompanied by hot and dry winds, will interfere with pollination and seed formation, and the tip parts of the corn will be seedless or will produce small seeds. Experiments on corn have shown that this plant needs more water than other vegetables in its growth period to produce a sufficient crop, and it reacts to dehydration faster than other vegetables.
Planting carrot seeds
Before planting, it is better to mix rotted animal manure with the soil. Sandy loam soils or organic soils without clods or stones are preferred to produce smooth and straight roots. The amount of soil compaction is effective on root growth and length. Too little or too much compaction is harmful to root growth. In highly compacted soils, the root becomes conical and in soft soils, thin and long. Carrots are cultivated in lines or rows, keeping the distance between the rows or lines at about 40 cm and the distance between the plants at 10 to 15 cm. The planting depth of carrot seeds is 5 mm. Carrot seeds germinate when the soil temperature is 7 to 30 degrees Celsius, but the best temperature for carrot seed germination is 12 to 24 degrees Celsius.
Carrot seeds do not germinate at temperatures above 35 degrees Celsius. It takes one to three weeks for carrot seeds to germinate. The soil should be kept moist. Sufficient humidity is very important during the growing season. Under low water conditions, the taste of carrots becomes very sharp and intense, and in soils with high humidity, the roots become pale. For fresh consumption, carrots are harvested when the diameter of most of the roots reaches 2.5 to 3.5 cm.