What is the difference between a French garden and an English garden?

English and French gardens are so famous all over the world but each of them has its own aesthetics. Here in this article, there is detailed information about each of these amazing gardens which is so interesting and also important to know.

English gardening style

In general, the new era of gardening in England began in 1519. In the traditional and old designs of England, an attempt has been made to use eye error in combining colors, planting trees and shrubs in a row, as well as creating hills, ponds or artificial lakes. In such classic old designs Narrow, tree-lined streets on both sides, as well as the planting of single trees in large spaces, have become commonplace.

 According to the history of English-style gardening, it began in the early reign of James I (1625-1603), and in this style the sidewalks were wider and the amount of flowers was less. The first British botanical garden was built in 1620 at the University of Oxford.

In general, the art of gardening in England depends on the type in the English romantic culture. He said that under every form and design throughout history, there is a special place that belongs to individual initiatives. Thus, from the point of view of William Kent in 1685, the idea of ​​creating hedges around gardens based on the philosophy of “all nature is one garden” arose in an area called Rosam in Oxford. It was also Lancelot Brown’s school of thought and initiative that led to the use of frames around parks. He tried to make the gardens a perfect symbol of the small states and characteristics of nature.

 In my opinion, this is a kind of return to nature, and to touch and understand it more is another birth for human beings. No effort can be separated from the real skirt of nature and kept away. Humphrey Rapton has tried to get a lot of lawn in the garden and get tired of planting trees and shrubs, in other words, he has recommended balanced cultivation of trees.

Ms. Jekyll Initiatives such as indoor rest areas covered with aromatic plants Not to mention that the British style of gardening is more or less influenced by Italian and French styles. There was no interest, especially in the eighteenth century, when Europeans traveled to the Far East. An example is Caribelham Chamber in the construction of the Royal Botanic Gardens in Kiev

The design is a mixture of English style and Far Eastern garden style, and today this type of gardening is known in England as English gardening. There are many old gardens and legendary parks in England. For this reason, today some of them are classified as national natural resources, regional natural resources, forest natural resources and private natural resources. And the beautiful beech trees, which are about 15 feet tall, still survive today. Wilt Shir Garden is located in Ostohad on the Salisbury Plain, dating back to the 18th century.

During the reign of George I (1714) and his son Henry II, far-sighted architecture was implemented there, and in his time, artificial forests were built. Its trees are such as fir and beech, and today its huge beeches with 200-year-old silver trunks have a special beauty. There is also a beautiful flower temple in this garden decorated with golden stones and a curtain of green tree leaves, so there are many examples that are not discussed in this booklet.

However, today in English gardens, designs are implemented. Relying on asymmetry and creating short hedges, preserving ancient trees, creating the use of modern tools and being influenced by the advanced techniques of the present century, have entered and occupied nature.

French gardening style

The style of gardening in France is not new and is the same as that left over from the August Renaissance. In the Middle Ages, the division of gardens was very simple and primitive. In the Renaissance, the gardens became larger and the composition of the trees more diverse. In these designs, porches, tarmacs, fences, stairs, ponds and sculptures are used and the trees have a regular and orderly style. In this steel, green walls, thick, long, corridors in the form of long green canopies and wooden side railings have been common. During this period, it was tried that the methods of gardening and horticulture were cheap, simple, and the possibility of adapting to the space was observed. Flowering is usually in the form of rectangular, more or less square gardens with large geometric shapes (since the beginning of the century, the area of ​​gardens has become smaller and smaller).

In the architecture and construction of gardens, the decorative aspect and the need for details can not be overlooked. Today, some details or in some stages of the past steel are often used and it is discussed as a garden and a French garden.

The French garden is a larger space that consists of several gardens of different sizes and with the use of sculptures, waterfronts that have been arranged in order. Such gardens are on flat ground or in Sloping lands were built at the end of a building or a palace

Today, in the new gardens of France, geometric shapes, regular intersecting or non-geometric streets are preferred. Margins and borders in gardens are not elongated and continuous, and at intervals where single trees are planted on it, sometimes margins or borders are separated by trees. The maximum width of the margins depends on the importance of the garden and is usually not more than 2.5 meters. In such gardens, sand gardens or sandy margins are created intermittently and scattered. The space intended for grass is flat or sunken.

Sometimes, using old English styles, statues are placed on the ridges, and sometimes single trees are planted based on the diameter of the earth. The palaces built in the twentieth century in France, for its green space, have tried to keep the gardens in the form of narrow, elongated rectangles and flower arrangements, generally in front of the building in terms of length. The French considered the use of sculptures, stone vases (which were placed above the ground), the planting of trees around the garden and the streets as part of the composition of a garden, while also trying to use regular steel with geometric proportions and color combination of flowers.

Historical facts about French garden style

In the early 16th century, Italian styles permeated French gardening and parks in such a way that designs were implemented around the palaces, where a variety of ornamental plants, shrubs were planted close to each other, creating a green wall like hedges. Geometric shapes were used dramatically in the design (flower arrangements, lawns, sand corridors, the use of dwarf boxwoods in the arrangement of geometric shapes to better express the symmetrical states in the gardens). Such gardens were called parterres (parterres include flower, vegetable and tree planting plots, water features, ponds and rest areas).

The use of such designs was very common until the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. To make the point clearer, it should be said that in the beginning, designers tried to show the lines that are considered for different types of designs in a completely regular way and geometric designs (square, rectangular and angled) in a rational and personal way. Gradually, however, these lines were selected in design, curvatures, and suitable plants, creating novel landscapes.

 In general, in the early Renaissance period, gardening in France had a special definition, which is a collection of different and numerous gardens, and this complex had an asymmetrical architecture, it can be said that before that, gardens in France were based on The idea is that this design came from Italy to France.


We can understand from this awesome article, that French and English garden styles have lots of differences which make them unique. Share this information about differences of French and English garden styles with other people.

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